The plant will be able to collect and process ca. 50–60 thousand tons of waste per year.
The development project requires an investment area of ca. 80000 m2 (~8 ha), well communicated with external roads, and with possibility of being connected to indispensable media – water and electricity, and gas network with the latter being especially crucial considering that the production line is triggered with use of external gas and electric power.
Investment site: Kędzierzyn-Koźle
Take a look at other variants of the plant as outlined by Biuro Planowania Przestrzennego Jerzy Jakubiec Wałbrzych:
The main product of the plant is electric and thermal energy, thus the company counts among enterprises of the power industry branch. The process of transforming the syngas combustion energy into electric and thermal energy takes places in the same vein as in tens of other power plants in the world. It is made with use of standard gas and steam turbines connected to conventional electricity generators and heat exchangers. The only one, however significant, difference is that no fossil fuels – neither natural gas, petroleum nor coal – are used in the production of energy. The generated energy is made from waste material gasified in very high temperatures unattainable until now in this kind of processes, which makes this method very efficient, economical and environmentally friendly.
The plant is intended to be a producer of vitrite – a valuable material used in production of various building materials.
The production line implemented at the plant allows to recycle metals contained in the waste material as well as retrieve other valuable industrial raw materials in the same method as in smelting and metallurgical plants.
An unconventional combination of all these features constitutes the innovation capacity and unique potential of the project, despite the fact that most of the components of its production line are well-known and commonly used solutions from various branches of industry.
The production of syngas, and generating energy from it, is very safe. No explosive substances are used and all devices work under low pressures. Even accidental damages of them does not cause any threat of harmful emissions. Shutdown of an entire plant resembles turning off the gas under a boiling kettle – everything cools down, and the gasification processes cease.
Energy obtained from syngas is much more pure and enviromentally friendly than the energy generated from coal or oil, because during its production none of the fossil fuels are used. Thus, it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. The harmful emissions are million times lower than the fumes emission from a one-family household heated with boiler fired with coal.
The plant is intended to work continually. Minor failures will be handled currently without interrupting the production line. In case of failure, handling of which would require a shutdown of the whole plant, a following procedure will be enacted: reception of waste will temporarily suspended, stored substances will be secured from unauthorized access, work of the gasification modules will be stopped and the devices cooled down, whereas the whole plant will be temporarily disconnected from external customers. The management of the unit will always follow the rules of workplace health and safety as a priority of any actions.
The technical and technological outline takes into account a number of possible cases, a critical analysis of which is to provide the most safe option. Therefore:
- The most fragile parts of the installation shall be duplicated;
- No explosives shall be stored on the area of the plant, and syngas shall not be stored under high-pressure;
- Intended procedures presume that on the area of the plant shall employ a team of experts responsible for continuous control over the fire-prevention, work health and safety and environmental protection aspects of production.
Analysis of the expenditure of the waste incineration plant in Kraków and its target efficiency proves that they are now comparable with the cost of setting up an energy plant that uses plasma torches as its source of thermal energy. What makes both solution different does not exceed 20% of the value of the investment.
The most expensive component of the installation are purification systems for:exhaust fumes – in case of grate-incineration plants, and for raw syngas – in case of gasification plants.
In consequence of the realisation of the project, several tens of new workplaces will be created both in the plant as well as in the transport enterprise established by the plant. The sole startup of the development process will generate the need to employ people for the construction of the plant. Many of the works will be done by local workers and entrepreneurs.
The project planned by Korporacja Plasma Power Sp. z o.o. will be encumbered by numerous public donations. From among them, at least four (according to the legislative state as of May 2015) are considered an income of the commune where the planned plant is situated. They are:
- property tax;
- part of the CIT tax – 6,71%;
- part of the PIT tax – 39,9%;
- vehicle tax.
The Plasma Institute
There are plants to establish, soon after starting-up the plant on its premises, the Plasma Institute – a scientific research centre under aegis of local authorites and scientific institutions. The institute would carry out educational activity – by training staff for other plants that use plasma torches in their systems, and scientific research – on further, novel applications of plasma